Oman Foreign Nationals and the Death Penalty Death Penalty Overview The Sultanate of Oman continues to uphold capital punishment as a legal recourse for several crimes, some of which do not align with international law's designation of 'most serious crimes’. For example, in 2015, the Sultan revised Law 17 of 1999 on Combatting Drugs and Narcotics, expanding the death penalty to a range of drug-related crimes. The broadening of this scope is a setback in the global trend towards abolishing capital punishment. In the 2021 Universal Periodic Review (UPR), Oman was recognised for its intention to ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). However, the country resisted recommendations that sought to abolish the death penalty as well as recommendations to amend existing legislation to protect fundamental human rights further. fi fi fl fi fi fi Oman's legal system is in uenced by both Islamic law and the French administrative justice system. Since 1970, Oman has been in a signi cant transition phase, introducing extensive legal reforms to its criminal justice system. At the apex of the judicial hierarchy is the Higher Council, responsible for overseeing the ef cient functioning of the Law Courts and their auxiliary bodies. A criminal court's decision to impose the death penalty requires unanimous agreement among its presiding judges. The execution of a death sentence further necessitates rati cation by the Sultan. In 2015, Sultan Qaboos Bin Saeed rati ed amendments to the Combating Narcotics and Psychotropic Drugs law, marking a distinct harshening of penalties to include the death penalty and life imprisonment for individuals involved in drug traf cking and smuggling. Other offences leading to capital punishment include acts such as murder, terrorism, and kidnapping but also encompass arson and piracy. Moreover, those found guilty of leading armed groups that engage in activities like sabotage, pillage, or killing, as well as those convicted of espionage, treason, and even perjury resulting in an unjust execution, can face the death penalty.

Select target paragraph3